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The economic pain has not been equally distributed around the country, however. Our colleagues Mark Muro, Robert Maxim, and Jacob Whiton were among the first to project how the different structures of local economies and the types of industries that immediate closures affect most would combine to make some cities more vulnerable than others to the COVID-19 downturn. In addition, the path of viral infections within U.S. borders—affecting parts of the West Coast and Northeast first, before spreading more widely throughout the country—caused some city and state leaders to act before others in shutting down nonessential businesses.