Smart cities use data and technology to create efficiencies, improve sustainability, enhance quality of life and promote economic growth and development.
They integrate information and communication technologies (ICT) to boost the quality and performance of services for urban dwellers, particularly in energy, transportation and utilities.
The concept gathered momentum globally in 2009 with countries like China, South Korea and UAE leading the pack.
India, Austria, the Netherlands, Denmark, Egypt, France, Malta and Italy have joined the smart city ecosystem in implementing the New Urban Agenda and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development through creation of liveable and sustainable cities.