The COVID-19 pandemic is a defining moment in time for the entire world. How governments have reacted and responded to the crisis in its early days has directly affected the spread of the virus in each country.
Indonesia’s central government, in particular, has been facing many challenges in its response. Issues such as lack of reliable data and domain knowledge to inform decision-making; absence of legal measures to implement and monitor responses; and inefficient bureaucratic processes to mobilise relevant resources have impeded the country’s responsiveness.